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ERIC Number: EJ766318
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: Author
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0663
Are Teachers' Expectations Different for Racial Minority than for European American Students? A Meta-Analysis
Tenenbaum, Harriet R.; Ruck, Martin D.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v99 n2 p253-273 May 2007
Four quantitative meta-analyses examined whether teachers' expectations, referrals, positive and neutral speech, and negative speech differed toward ethnic minority students (i.e., African American, Asian American, and Latino/a) as compared with European American students. Teachers were found to hold the highest expectations for Asian American students (d = -0.17). In addition, teachers held more positive expectations for European American students than for Latino/a (d = 0.46) or African American (d = 0.25) students. Teachers made more positive referrals and fewer negative referrals for European American students than for Latino/a and African American students (d = 0.31). Although teachers directed more positive and neutral speech (e.g., questions and encouragement) toward European American students than toward Latino/a and African American students (d = 0.21), they directed an equal amount of negative speech (e.g., criticism) to all students (d = 0.02). In general, teachers' favoring of European American students compared with African American and Latino/a students was associated with small but statistically significant effects. The meta-analyses suggest that teachers' expectations and speech vary with students' ethnic backgrounds.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A