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ERIC Number: EJ765543
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 16
ISSN: ISSN-0145-482X
Nonvisual Route Following with Guidance from a Simple Haptic or Auditory Display
Marston, James R.; Loomis, Jack M.; Klatzky, Roberta L.; Golledge, Reginald G.
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, v101 n4 p203-211 Apr 2007
A path-following experiment, using a global positioning system, was conducted with participants who were legally blind. On- and off-course confirmations were delivered by either a vibrotactile or an audio stimulus. These simple binary cues were sufficient for guidance and point to the need to offer output options for guidance systems for people who are visually impaired. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
American Foundation for the Blind. 11 Penn Plaza Suite 300, New York, NY 10001. Tel: 800-232-5463; Tel: 212-502-7600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California