ERIC Number: EJ765413
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Reference Count: 39
A Two-Generation Study of Body Mass Index, Energy Balance and Specific Physical Activity of College Students and Their Respective Parents Living in the Same Household at Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.
Liang, Ying; Lee, Judy; Tam, Chick F.; Bridges, Elizabeth; Keating, Xiaofen D.
College Student Journal, v41 n1 p138-150 Mar 2007
The purpose was to compare the differences in body mass index (BMI), energy balance (EB) and specific physical activity (SPA) between 30 CSULA college students (Y) and their respective parents (O) living in the same household at Los Angeles, California, U.S.A. Each student completed a 24-hour dietary record with SPA journal, and the same for his/her parent. SPA was divided into: light (LA) (1.4-3.0 Kcal/kg/hr); moderate (MA) (3.1-5.3); severe (SA) (5.4-7.4); and very severe (VSA) (7.5 or over). The Y had significantly lower BMI than the O (24.0 kg/[superscript m] for Y vs. 27.0 kg/[superscript m] for O). However, no statistical differences were found between the two groups in total energy expenditure (Y: 2552.6 plus or minus SD 629.6 vs. O: 2564.3 plus or minus 570.1 kcal) and total energy intake (Y: 1818.1 plus or minus 954.7 vs. O: 1837.4 plus or minus 901.8 kcal). Both had comparable negative EB in one day. There were no significant differences in the time and total calories consumed for LA and MA between Y and O. Only a few subjects in the two groups performed the severe or very severe physical activity. Although most subjects remained negative energy balance for the day, their high BMI, inadequate moderate physical activity, and lacking of severe/very severe physical activity were a health concern. (Contains 4 tables.)
Descriptors: College Students, Body Composition, Physical Activities, Comparative Analysis, Parents, Obesity, Metabolism, Body Weight, Nutrition, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; United States