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ERIC Number: EJ765318
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 47
ISSN: ISSN-0146-3934
Effect of Sex on Perceived Support and Burnout in University Students
Weckwerth, Amanda C.; Flynn, Deborah M.
College Student Journal, v40 n2 p237-249 Jun 2006
Sex differences in the experience of social support and frequency of burnout were examined in university students from a small Northern Ontario University. An altered version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) (Maslach & Jackson, 1996) termed the AMBI-HSS, and the Social Provisions Scale (SPS) (Cutrona & Russell, 1987) were used to examine the extent to which students' social relationships provided them with various dimensions of social support and, to assess the variety and frequency of burnout experienced by students. Potential measures of school related stress or burnout included: Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization and Personal Accomplishment. The potential moderator of stress in this study was social support (Reliable Alliance, Opportunity for Nurturance, Guidance, Attachment, Social Integration, and Reassurance of Worth). Sex differences were found for variety of support received, with women scoring significantly higher than males on support indices of Reliable Alliance, Attachment and Guidance. Males scored significantly higher than females on the burnout index of Depersonalization and females reported lower levels of Personal Accomplishment than males. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Maslach Burnout Inventory