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ERIC Number: EJ765185
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Nov
Pages: 48
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0018-2745
Fifty Years after "Brown": Tarnished Gold, Broken Promises
Gantz, Julie
History Teacher, v38 n1 p66-113 Nov 2004
May 17, 2004 marked the fifty years that have passed since the United States Supreme Court handed down one of its most famous, compelling and iconic decisions, "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas." Certainly the decision itself, labeling the practice of "separate but equal" as unconstitutional, deserves the fanfare and celebration of a golden anniversary. The promise of equality, given in "Brown" to all Americans, ranks with the other noble promises of American history, such as those made in the Declaration of Independence. Has history treated "Brown's" promise with care? Or has "Brown's" promise lost a battle waged with the realities of life in the United States? In this article, the author determines where "Brown" and its legacy are standing today. Clearly, America has become a better place since "Brown." However, the author contends that it is important to question whether American children are enjoying equal access to quality education nowadays. More importantly, the author discusses that the commitment that individual Americans make to their country's noble promises, to equality and opportunity for all, to democracy, to the storied "more perfect union" will determine the legacy of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. It is this commitment that will determine both the extent of, as well as the success of, integration inside and outside of America's schools. (Contains 90 notes and an annotated bibliography of primary and secondary sources.)
Society for History Education. California State University, Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Blvd, Long Beach, CA 90840-1601. Tel: 562-985-2573; Fax: 562-985-5431; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Equal Access