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ERIC Number: EJ764643
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 20
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0271-8294
Responsiveness to Intervention Teaching before Testing Helps Avoid Labeling
Moore-Brown, Barbara J.; Montgomery, Judy K.; Bielinski, John; Shubin, Jennifer
Topics in Language Disorders, v25 n2 p148-167 Apr-Jun 2005
Prereferral intervention is a modification of instruction before referral to accommodate underachieving students and reduce the number of inappropriate special education placements. This article reports on evaluation of a Tier 3 responsiveness to intervention (RTI) program in an urban school district with 96% minority (mostly Hispanic) students. Conducted by speech-language pathologists and resource teachers, the 45-hr intensive instructional program was based on the National Reading Panel's 5 building blocks of reading. Using a paired t test, investigators found that 123 students made significant reading progress (p = 0.01), with moderate effect sizes of 0.60 (Year 1) and 0.40 (Year 2), The majority of students also demonstrated improvement on the statewide assessment, which was used as an external measure of RTI effectiveness. Only 8 of the original 123 students required special education service 2 years later.
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. P.O. Box 1600, Hagerstown, MD 21741. Tel: 800-638-3030; Tel: 301-223-2300; Fax: 301-223-2400; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Reading)