ERIC Number: EJ764386
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr-6
Reference Count: N/A
How Governments Can Improve Access to College
Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
Chronicle of Higher Education, v53 n31 Apr 2007
This article discusses how federal and state governments can improve student access to private and public higher education institutions. Florida helps to achieve that with a common course-numbering system across community and four-year colleges, which permits students to easily transfer credits. Both the Senate and the House of Delegates in Virginia have passed legislation that would allow community-college graduates in certain fields to continue to pay lower community-college tuition levels if they transferred to the University of Virginia or another four-year institution in the state; the two bodies are now trying to reach agreement on how the program would operate. The lower tuition would reduce the financial barriers for needy students at the state's flagship institutions. Finally, the Jack Kent Cooke Foundation has begun working with a number of the nation's most selective private and public colleges to help them develop programs to expand their enrollment of graduates of community colleges. If increasing the enrollment and persistence of students from lower-income families is a serious public-policy goal, federal and state financing of higher-education institutions must reflect it. For example, New York State's Bundy Aid program provides grants to private colleges in the state for each state resident they graduate. The program provides an incentive for private colleges to enroll transfer students from the state's community colleges, and many aggressively recruit to do so. State and federal programs could follow that model of incentives and provide money to public and private colleges for each Pell Grant recipient they graduate.
Descriptors: Private Colleges, Credits, Transfer Students, Tuition, Public Colleges, Enrollment Trends, Federal Programs, Student Financial Aid, Access to Education, Government Role, State Government, Federal Government, Grants, Community Colleges, Student Recruitment, Incentives, State Legislation, Low Income Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida; New York; Virginia