ERIC Number: EJ764063
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Reference Count: 46
Toward the Development of an Inventory of Daily Widowed Life (IDWL): Guided by the Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement
Caserta, Michael S.; Lund, Dale A.
Death Studies, v31 n6 p505-535 Jul 2007
"The Dual Process Model of Coping with Bereavement" (M. Stroebe & H. Schut, 1999) suggests that the most effective adaptation involves oscillation between 2 coping processes: loss-orientation (LO) and restoration-orientation (RO). A 22-item Inventory of Daily Widowed Life (IDWL) was developed to measure these processes and the oscillation between them and assessed by examining 163 bereaved widow(er)s, ages 45-94 years. The LO and RO subscales produced alpha coefficients of .90 and .79, respectively. The more recently widowed demonstrated a high degree of oscillation balance between the two processes, while there was a greater emphasis on restoration-orientation among those bereaved longer. Both subscales generated significant relationships with the bereavement outcome measures used in this study. Furthermore, restoration-orientation was directly related to the level of self-care and daily living skills as well as personal growth. The authors identify six dimensions of oscillation that warrant further consideration and encourage others to help develop and refine all features of the IDWL and make it adaptable to other loss relationships. (Contains 3 tables.) [Funding for this project was also provided by the University of Utah College of Nursing Research Committee.]
Descriptors: Models, Daily Living Skills, Widowed, Nursing Research, Grief, Coping, Measures (Individuals), Statistical Analysis, Individual Development
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Aging (DHEW/PHS), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Utah