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ERIC Number: EJ763892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0655
New Perspectives on the Correlation of SAT Scores, High School Grades, and Socioeconomic Factors
Zwick, Rebecca; Greif Green, Jennifer
Journal of Educational Measurement, v44 n1 p23-45 Mar 2007
In studies of the SAT, correlations of SAT scores, high school grades, and socioeconomic factors (SES) are usually obtained using a university as the unit of analysis. This approach obscures an important structural aspect of the data: The high school grades received by a given institution come from a large number of high schools, all of which have potentially different grading standards. SAT scores, on the other hand, can be assumed to have the same meaning across high schools. Our analyses of a large national sample show that, when pooled within-high-school analyses are applied, high school grades and class rank have larger correlations with family income and education than is evident in the results of typical analyses, and SAT scores have smaller associations with socioeconomic factors. SAT scores and high school grades, therefore, have more similar associations with SES than they do when only the usual across-high-school correlations are considered. (Contains 12 tables and 27 formulas.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)