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ERIC Number: EJ763567
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1356-2517
Admissions to Higher Education: Are There Biases against or in Favour of Ethnic Minorities?
Gittoes, Mark; Thompson, John
Teaching in Higher Education, v12 n3 p419-424 Jun 2007
In this article, the authors comment on Tariq Modood's "Ethnicity, Muslims and higher education in Britain," which asserted that higher education had been a major success story for non-White minorities and argued that, if encouraged, Islam could be an influence on young Muslim men and women to take up educational opportunities that would contribute to social mobility. While not taking issues with these points, these authors nonetheless contend that the previously-reported perceived differences between two sets of analysis on bias against ethnic minorities can be explained. They argue that the apparent bias specific to pre-1992 universities was the result of an inadequate model specification rather than any real differences between old and new universities. The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) analysis (2005) used the same underlying data as the earlier analysis by Shiner and Modood (2002). They first reproduced the Shiner and Modood results, and then showed their modifications through a series of six models. These authors illustrate how the revisions to the models modify the results by focusing on applicants from Bangladeshi backgrounds. The story is similar for most other ethnic minorities. The data consisted of a random sample of about 1000 applicants from each ethnic group. Shiner and Modood randomly sampled one application from each applicant's set of up to six applications. The HEFCE analysis used the same approach for models one to four, but used data relating to all the applications in models five and six. Each successive model includes all the modifications of the previous models. This paper explains why the new results are important, and focuses on the evidence for and against the proposition that there is a marked difference between old and new higher education institutions in the treatment of applications from ethnic minorities as compared to Whites. The authors have concluded that there are no systematic differences, and that the differences found previously were due to an inadequate model specification. (Contains 1 table, 1 figure, and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Great Britain)