ERIC Number: EJ762917
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Mixture Distribution Latent State-Trait Analysis: Basic Ideas and Applications
Courvoisier, Delphine S.; Eid, Michael; Nussbeck, Fridtjof W.
Psychological Methods, v12 n1 p80-104 Mar 2007
Extensions of latent state-trait models for continuous observed variables to mixture latent state-trait models with and without covariates of change are presented that can separate individuals differing in their occasion-specific variability. An empirical application to the repeated measurement of mood states (N = 501) revealed that a model with 2 latent classes fits the data well. The larger class (76%) consists of individuals whose mood is highly variable, whose general well-being is comparatively lower, and whose mood variability is influenced by daily hassles and uplifts. The smaller class (24%) represents individuals who are rather stable and happier and whose mood is influenced only by daily uplifts but not by daily hassles. A simulation study on the model without covariates with 5 sets of sample sizes and 5 sets of number of occasions revealed that the appropriateness of the parameter estimates of this model depends on number of observations (the higher the better) and number of occasions (the higher the better). Another simulation study estimated Type I and II errors of the Lo-Mendell-Rubin test.
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Simulation, Structural Equation Models, Sample Size, Well Being, Item Response Theory, Statistical Analysis, Individual Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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