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ERIC Number: EJ762777
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
Effects of Skill Training on Working Memory Capacity
Lee, Yuh-shiow; Lu, Min-ju; Ko, Hsiu-ping
Learning and Instruction, v17 n3 p336-344 Jun 2007
In this study we examined the effects of skill training, in particular mental abacus and music training, on working memory. Two groups of participants--children who had received mental abacus training and their controls--participated in Experiment 1. All participants performed the following span tasks: forward digit span, backward digit span, non-word span, operation span, simple spatial span, and complex spatial span tasks. Children (mean age: 12 years) who had received training exhibited greater simple spatial spans, but not other spans. In Experiment 2, the same span tests were given to groups of children (mean age: 12 years) and adults (mean age: 22 years) who had received music training and to their controls. For adults, the experimental group performed better than the control group with respect to both the digit span and non-word span tests. For children, the experimental group performed better than did the control group in all of the span tests. We discuss our results in terms of the domain-specific effects of skill training on working memory.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Taiwan