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ERIC Number: EJ762704
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0033-3123
Acquiescent Responding in Balanced Multidimensional Scales and Exploratory Factor Analysis
Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni
Psychometrika, v71 n4 p769-777 Dec 2006
Personality tests often consist of a set of dichotomous or Likert items. These response formats are known to be susceptible to an agreeing-response bias called acquiescence. The common assumption in balanced scales is that the sum of appropriately reversed responses should be reasonably free of acquiescence. However, inter-item correlation (or covariance) matrices can still be affected by the presence of variance due to acquiescence. To analyse these correlation matrices, we propose a method that is based on an unrestricted factor analysis and can be applied to multidimensional scales. This method obtains a factor solution in which acquiescence response variance is isolated in an independent factor. It is therefore possible, without the potentially confounding effect of acquiescence, to: (a) examine the dominant factors related to content latent variables; and (b) estimate participants' factor scores on content latent variables. This method, which is illustrated by two empirical data examples, has proved to be useful for improving the simplicity of the factor structure.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A