ERIC Number: EJ762694
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Reference Count: 27
Towards a Typology of Computer Use in Primary Education
Tondeur, Jo; van Braak, J.; Valcke, M.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, v23 n3 p197-206 Jun 2007
In the present study, we reject the view that computer use can be studied as an isolated variable in a learning environment. Our main objective is to develop an instrumental tool to measure different types of educational computer use in the classroom. This builds on a comprehensive review of the literature about computer use in education. This review helped to construct a questionnaire to identify a typology of computer use in primary education. In addition, the questionnaire was enriched by input of experts in this field. The questionnaire was presented to a sample of 352 primary school teachers. The input from a first subsample was used to carry out an exploratory factor analysis; the second subsample was used to verify the identified factor structure via confirmatory factor analysis. A three-factor structure of computer use in primary education was identified: "the use of computers as an information tool", "the use of computers as a learning tool," and "learning basic computer skills". The three-factor structure was confirmed in the confirmatory factor analysis. The results underpin a number of meaningful differences in the current practice of computer use in primary education.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Teachers, Questionnaires, Computer Uses in Education, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure, Research Methodology, Test Construction, Measurement Techniques, Classification, Computer Literacy, Teaching Methods, Educational Technology
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium