ERIC Number: EJ762179
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Reference Count: N/A
Substance Use Attitudes among Urban Black Adolescents: The Role of Parent, Peer, and Cultural Factors
Wallace, Scyatta A.; Fisher, Celia B.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v36 n4 p441-451 May 2007
This study examined the influence of perceived parental, peer, and cultural factors on Black American adolescent attitudes toward substance use. One-hundred-eight Black American youth (grades 9-12) from economically disadvantaged urban neighborhoods of New York, completed self-report measures on: (a) parent-child involvement, parental supervision, and parent attitudes toward high risk behaviors; (b) peer bonds and peer attitudes toward high risk behaviors; and (c) ethnic identity, parental racial socialization, and extended family support. Youth disapproval of substance use was positively associated with higher perceived levels of peer and parental disapproval of high risk behaviors, parental supervision, and ethnic identity. Youth who reported parental messages about racial discrimination without balanced parental messages about racial pride and racial equality were more likely to approve substance use.
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Economically Disadvantaged, Supervision, Racial Discrimination, Parent Attitudes, Parent Role, Cultural Influences, Neighborhoods, Substance Abuse, Parent Influence, High School Students, African American Students, Urban Areas, Parent Child Relationship, Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, At Risk Persons, Peer Relationship, Ethnicity, Racial Differences, Socialization, Attitude Measures
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York