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ERIC Number: EJ761728
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004-Feb
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-0033-3085
Silent versus Oral Reading Comprehension and Efficiency
McCallum, R. Steve; Sharp, Shannon; Bell, Sherry Mee; George, Thomas
Psychology in the Schools, v41 n2 p241-246 Feb 2004
Seventy-four students read passages from an individually administered test of reading comprehension (a subtest from the "Test of Dyslexia," a test of reading and related abilities currently in development; McCallum & Bell, 2001), and then answered literal and inferential questions. Students were randomly assigned to one of two conditions; 39 students read the passages silently and 35 read orally, with time recorded for each passage read. Comprehension and time were dependent measures for a Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) and two follow-up Analyses of Covariance (ANCOVA). After controlling for reading ability, results from the MANCOVA showed a significant combined effect (p less than 0.05); however, a comparison of mean reading comprehension scores showed no significant difference between silent readers and oral readers (p greater than 0.05). On the other hand, with reading ability controlled, silent readers took significantly less time to complete passages compared to those who read orally (p less than 0.02). In fact, students took 30% longer to read orally than silently, on average. When test directions do not specify either oral or silent reading and error analysis is not a goal, testing will be more efficient via silent responding with no loss of comprehension. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee