ERIC Number: EJ761533
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Reference Count: N/A
Second-Order Conditioning during a Compound Extinction Treatment
Pineno, Oskar; Zilski, Jessica M.; Schachtman, Todd R.
Learning and Motivation, v38 n2 p172-192 May 2007
Two conditioned taste aversion experiments with rats were conducted to establish if a target taste that had received a prior pairing with illness could be subject to second-order conditioning during extinction treatment in compound with a flavor that also received prior conditioning. In these experiments, the occurrence of second-order conditioning was indicated by protection from extinction of the aversion elicited by the target taste. This possibility, although intuitive, deserves attention because current associative models [e.g., Rescorla, R. A., & Wagner, A. R. (1972). "A theory of Pavlovian conditioning: variations in the effectiveness of reinforcement and nonreinforcement." In A. H. Black & W. F. Prokasy (Eds.), "Classical conditioning II: Current research and theory" (pp. 64-99). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.] predict exactly the opposite outcome, namely, that compound extinction of two CSs should result in enhanced extinction.
Descriptors: Classical Conditioning, Associative Learning, Animals, Animal Behavior, Stimuli, Inhibition, Experimental Psychology, Behavior Modification
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York