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ERIC Number: EJ760228
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 74
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Organizational Structure, Authority and Protest: The Case of Union Organizing in the United States, 1990-2001
Martin, Andrew W.
Social Forces, v85 n3 p1413-1435 Mar 2007
Robert Michels' famous "iron law of oligarchy" has come under criticism from scholars that question assumptions regarding the concentration of power within social movement organizations (SMOs). Despite such concerns, Michels' broader interests in organizational structure and power continue to be relevant for analyzing the goals and strategies of SMOs. The recent revitalization of the American labor movement presents a unique opportunity to explore these topics within the context of union organizing efforts. Findings based on the organizing activities of 70 local unions measured from 1990-2001 indicate that the distribution of authority has clear effects on the allocation of resources for organizing, the type of repertoire selected to recruit new members, and, to a lesser extent, the outcome of the organizing drive. Although the analysis provides insight into unions today, the conceptualization of authority and outcomes explored have wider implications for research on formal organizations. (Contains 5 tables and 11 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States