NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: EJ759839
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 91
ISSN: ISSN-1539-0578
Graphic Organizers in Reading Instruction: Research Findings and Issues
Jiang, Xiangying; Grabe, William
Reading in a Foreign Language, v19 n1 p34-55 Apr 2007
As an instructional tool, graphic organizers (GOs) have been highly recommended and used in contemporary classrooms. Over the past decade, a number of concerns have been raised about claims for the effectiveness of GOs. These concerns involve the inconsistent research results on student improvements, the limitation in generalizability from research studies, and the need for research studies with second language (L2) students and with more extended instructional exposure time. This paper argues that GOs, which directly represent the discourse structures of a text, provide stronger evidence for the effectiveness of the technique, and these versions of GOs should be adopted in comprehension instruction. The authors propose a number of generic forms of graphic representations that apply to regularly recurring text structures, and recommend further research on the impact of GOs with learners of English as a second or foreign language as well as research that involves more extended instructional time. The following are appended: (1) Studies in the Effect of Graphic Organizers That do not Reflect Text Structures; and (2) Studies in the Effect of Graphic Organizers That Reflect Text Structures. (Contains 1 figure.)
Reading in a Foreign Language. National Foreign Language Resource Center, 1859 East-West Road #106, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Reading)