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ERIC Number: EJ759634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-1068-3844
Individuals in a Collectivist World: Born in the U.S.A., Teaching in Caracas, Venezuela
Warring, Douglas F.; Huber-Warring, Tonya
Multicultural Education, v13 n4 p11-16 Sum 2006
Venezuela is a country slightly larger than twice the size of California, the third largest U.S.A. state in land area. Caracas, the capitol city, is home to a population of 6 million people nested into a space that is actually smaller in size than the area of Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A., a city/suburb of only 2.8 million people. In this article, the authors contrast the school cultures between U.S.A. and Venezuela. Schools in the U.S.A. have been structured around an individualistic model that encourages individualism, fosters competition, and supports capitalism. On the other hand, schools in Venezuela have been structured around collectivist model that focuses on interdependent relations, cooperation, and group well being, stressing the importance of family, organizations, religious, and social relationships. Differences can be identified in many areas, with the following dimensions particularly of interest to educators: (1) learning environments; (2) decision-making styles; and (3) interactional styles--students, family members, and teachers. It is important to remember that in a collectivist culture or society there will be individuals whose preferred style is individualistic and in an individualistic culture there will be individuals whose preferred style is collectivist. (Contains 9 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States; Venezuela