ERIC Number: EJ759382
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: N/A
School Choice, Racial Segregation, and Test-Score Gaps: Evidence from North Carolina's Charter School Program
Bifulco, Robert; Ladd, Helen F.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v26 n1 p31-56 Win 2007
Using panel data that track individual students from year to year, we examine the effects of charter schools in North Carolina on racial segregation and black-white test score gaps. We find that North Carolina's system of charter schools has increased the racial isolation of both black and white students, and has widened the achievement gap. Moreover, the relatively large negative effects of charter schools on the achievement of black students is driven by students who transfer into charter schools that are more racially isolated than the schools they have left. Our analysis of charter school choices suggests that asymmetric preferences of black and white charter school students (and their families) for schools of different racial compositions help to explain why there are so few racially balanced charter schools.
Descriptors: White Students, Scores, School Choice, Racial Segregation, Charter Schools, Achievement Tests, African American Students, Racial Differences, Racial Composition
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina