ERIC Number: EJ759329
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Reference Count: N/A
Equity and Information: Information Regulation, Environmental Justice, and Risks from Toxic Chemicals
Shapiro, Marc D.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v24 n2 p373-398 Spr 2005
Decreases over time in pounds of industrial chemical emissions have led to concerns that nonminority, higher-income communities have benefited disproportionately in reductions in risk. Toxic chemical release data, modeled for toxicity and dispersion in square kilometer units across 45 states, are used to test six sets of hypotheses of potential interactions between facilities and the communities surrounding them. The results provide mixed evidence that ethnicity explains chemical emission changes. Stronger support is found that changes in emission patterns are affected by a community's ability to process complex information and its capacity for collective action, and industrial production factors. Some support is found for the efficacy of state environmental policies that both do and do not fit the traditional regulatory model in encouraging risk reductions.
Descriptors: Justice, Physical Environment, Pollution, Hazardous Materials, Environmental Standards, Socioeconomic Status, Racial Differences, Hypothesis Testing, Ethnicity, Risk, Industry, Community Role, Public Policy, Information Utilization, State Regulation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A