ERIC Number: EJ759288
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Reference Count: N/A
Alternative Measures of Economic Success among TANF Participants: Avoiding Poverty, Hardship, and Dependence on Public Assistance
Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, v23 n3 p531-548 Sum 2004
Current debates about the success of TANF reforms have been obscured by the use of inconsistent indicators of success, as well as by measurement difficulties associated with alternative indicators. This paper considers conceptual and measurement issues associated with three different indicators of economic well-being: independence from public assistance, having income above the poverty threshold, and freedom from material hardship. Survey and administrative data from a sample of TANF participants illustrate the sensitivity of conclusions to alternative ways of measuring each indicator. Also considered is the extent to which dependence, poverty, and hardship coincide, or capture important differences in outcomes. The principles underlying TANF reforms have implications for appropriate measures of economic well-being, as the empirical importance of these implications demonstrates.
Descriptors: Poverty, Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services, Success, Program Effectiveness, Well Being, Program Evaluation, Measurement Techniques, Measures (Individuals), Financial Needs, Economic Impact, Public Policy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families