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ERIC Number: EJ759019
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan
Pages: 7
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1470-8175
A Complete Approach for Recombinant Protein Expression Training: From Gene Cloning to Assessment of Protein Functionality
Novo, M. Teresa Marques; Soares-Costa, Andrea; de Souza, Antonia Q. L.; Figueira, Ana Carolina M.; Molina, Gustavo C.; Palacios, Carlos A.; Kull, Claudia R.; Monteiro, Izabel F.; Baldan-Pineda, Paulo H.; Henrique-Silva, Flavio
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, v33 n1 p34-40 Jan 2005
A practical course was given to undergraduate biology students enrolled in the elective course "Introduction to Genetic Engineering" at the Federal University of Sao Carlos (UFSCar), Sao Paulo, Brazil. The goal of the course was to teach current molecular biology tools applied to a real research situation that could be reported by the students themselves. The purpose was to produce a plant recombinant protein and demonstrate a heretofore unreported biological activity. Cystatins, natural inhibitors of cysteine proteases, were proposed for these studies. Initially, the students searched for plant cystatin cDNA sequences in the NCBI databases and selected the Oryzacystatin I gene ("ocI") from rice, "Oriza sativa," as the target gene for this study. Total RNA was extracted from rice-germinating seeds and primers containing restriction sites for NdeI and EcoRI were designed based on the "ocI" cDNA sequence and then used to amplify the open reading frame (ORF). RT-PCR amplification provided a band of the expected size for ocI ORF (309 bp). The PCR product was cut with NdeI and EcoRI restriction enzymes and cloned directly in the pET28a expression vector digested with the same enzymes. A pET28-"ocI" recombinant clone was selected, checked by sequencing, and used to transform "Escherichia coli" BL21 (DE3) expression strain. After induction of the bacteria with isopropylthiogalactoside and cellular disruption, the His-tagged OCI protein, present mainly in the soluble fraction, was purified by affinity chromatography in a nickel column. The purified protein was successfully used to inhibit fungal growth ("Trichoderma reesei"). The results were discussed extensively and the students contributed to the writing of this article, of which they are co-authors.
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Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil