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ERIC Number: EJ758799
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-0010-8146
The Study Circle--For Learning and Democracy
Bjerkaker, Sturla
Convergence, v39 n2-3 p49-60 2006
The study circle is described as a democratic and emancipatory method for learning that can be summarized in three words: learning by sharing. This method offers opportunities and possibilities for all participants to contribute their previous knowledge and experiences through open and democratic dialogue. As a method for "liberal adult education," the study circle has existed for a hundred years. It follows the "top-to-bottom approach" for enlightenment developed in the eighteenth century, expressed, for example, through the University Extension movements in France, England and Scandinavia. "For the people, by the people" became the political slogan that influenced the study circle and the adult education system in Scandinavia for years. In this article, the author covers study circle history, tradition, research, practice, development and challenges for the future. [The article is based on a presentation at the Uruguayan governmental conference on learning for youngsters and adults in Montevideo, June 2006.] (Contains 7 notes.)
National Institute of Adult Continuing Education. Renaissance House, 20 Princess Road West, Leicester, LE1 6TP, UK. Tel: +44-1162-044200; Fax: +44-1162-044262; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France; United Kingdom (England)