NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ758767
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 23
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0010-8146
The Shanghai Seven after 21 Years: Reflections on the Breakthrough ICAE Meeting in China
Boshier, Roger; Huang, Yan
Convergence, v38 n2 p5-27 2005
It is now 21 years since the 1984 International Council of Adult Education (ICAE) held their breakthrough conference in Shanghai's famous Jin Jiang hotel. By 2005 Shanghai was no longer a city of grey factories, Communist plotting, and dodgy dealings in international concessions. Shanghai has become the "city of tomorrow". The possibility of creating an ICAE was canvassed during the 1972 UNESCO World Conference on Adult Education. Roby Kidd was fond of starting organisations, but those present knew the post-World War I World Association for Adult Education had sunk without a trace. Even sustaining local adult education associations was difficult. Yet, Kidd, the unrealistic, passionate, and not-to-be-deterred Canadian wanted to embrace the world. Some thought an "International" Council for Adult Education would enfeeble UNESCO. Despite apprehensions, ICAE was launched in 1973 and would give voice to educators in developing countries. In this study, the authors capture and contextualise reflections of the "Shanghai seven"--three Western, three Chinese and one "bridge" participant in the 1984 symposium. The purpose of this study was to: (1) understand the context that framed the 1984 Shanghai Symposium on Adult Education; and (2) assess the significance of the 1984 Shanghai symposium as recalled by selected participants from China and the West.
National Institute of Adult Continuing Education. Renaissance House, 20 Princess Road West, Leicester, LE1 6TP, UK. Tel: +44-1162-044200; Fax: +44-1162-044262; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China (Shanghai)