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ERIC Number: EJ758764
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0010-8146
In Search of Paulo Freire's Reception in Indonesia
Nuryatno, Muhammad Agus
Convergence, v38 n1 p50-68 2005
Education is not a neutral area and can never be neutral, because it is always socially constructed, culturally mediated, and politically intervened. Education in Indonesia has been used for a long time as a political vehicle to preserve and strengthen the New Order (1965-1998) regime. The policy of the NKK--BKK (Campus Life Normalization--Student Coordinating Board) in 1978, for instance, is a clear instance of how this regime tried to sterilise campuses of political activities and protest movements. The educational philosophy underpinning this policy was to maintain campuses as neutral areas, under the assumption that education must be separated from politics and social reality. The knowledge content of what was taught and how it was delivered and mediated had to support the ideology of the regime, i.e. developmentalism, a model of development that was adopted by many developing countries in the 1970s and 1980s. According to Adeney-Risakotta, a lecturer at UKDW (Christian University of Duta Wacana), Jogjakarta, it is necessary to construct and disseminate critical pedagogy in Indonesia as a means of developing a critical capacity within learners, not only to be critical of the existing regime, but also of prevailing socio-economic structures, the mass media, religion, political parties, the courts, NGOs, and other social institutions. One of the main obstacles to the dissemination of Paulo Freire's critical pedagogy was the oppressiveness of the regime, because the educational system in its set-up was intimately connected with the political system. This article explores Freire's reception in Indonesia. (Contains 3 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia