ERIC Number: EJ758716
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-May
Reference Count: 66
Fathers, Mothers, and Family Structure: Family Trajectories, Parent Gender, and Adolescent Schooling
Heard, Holly E.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v69 n2 p435-450 May 2007
Previous research has neither fully examined family structure across the life course nor considered increasing variation in family types. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (N = 11,318), I examine the influence of longitudinal measures across childhood of family structure duration and the number and timing of parent transitions (entrances and exits) on indicators of grade point average (GPA), college expectations, and suspension or expulsion in adolescence. I also examine whether parent gender moderates these effects. Results show that mother transitions during early childhood affect all outcomes, whereas time in mother-absent families influences GPA and school discipline. I find evidence for parent gender differences in transition effects; mother transitions, especially early ones, have more severe consequences than father transitions.
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Grade Point Average, Family Structure, Adolescents, Parent Influence, Educational Attainment, Longitudinal Studies, Family Influence, Academic Aspiration, Suspension, Expulsion, Mothers, Age Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health