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ERIC Number: EJ751137
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7724
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
Chism, Kahlil
Social Education, v70 n1 p19-26 Jan-Feb 2006
This article discusses the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen's Bureau), which was established by the Congress on March 3, 1865, to assist former slaves in acquiring land, securing employment, legalizing marriages, and pursuing education. After the bureau's abolition through an act of Congress approved on June 10, 1872, the records of the Freedmen's Bureau became part of the holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration. These records reveal a great deal about Reconstruction, the first comprehensive government "social service" agency, and the transition of African Americans from enslavement, through emancipation, to citizenship. Here, the author features four documents that provide an engaging entry point for learning and teaching about the Freedmen's Bureau. He also presents suggested teaching activities about the Freedmen's Bureau, which correlate to the National Standards for U.S. History, Era 5, Standards 3a-3c, 4a, and 5a. (Contains 7 notes.)
National Council for the Social Studies. 8555 Sixteenth Street 500, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Tel: 800-683-0812; Tel: 301-588-1800; Fax: 301-588-2049; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A