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ERIC Number: EJ750919
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Nov
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Executive Control in a Modified Antisaccade Task: Effects of Aging and Bilingualism
Bialystok, Ellen; Craik, Fergus I. M.; Ryan, Jennifer
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v32 n6 p1341-1354 Nov 2006
Two studies are reported that assess differences associated with aging and bilingualism in an executive control task. Previous work has suggested that bilinguals have an advantage over monolinguals in nonlinguistic tasks involving executive control; the major purpose of the present article is to ascertain which aspects of control are sensitive to the bilingual experience. Study 1 used an antisaccade task and found no effects of aging or bilingualism. Study 2 used the identical visual display but coupled to keypress responses. The results showed that bilinguals resolved various types of response conflict faster than monolinguals and that this bilingual advantage generally increased with age. A speculative interpretation of this pattern of results is offered in conclusion.
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A