ERIC Number: EJ748944
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Feb
Behaviorally At-Risk African American Students: The Importance of Student-Teacher Relationships for Student Outcomes
Decker, Dawn M.; Dona, Daria Paul; Christenson, Sandra L.
Journal of School Psychology, v45 n1 p83-109 Feb 2007
The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the associations between the student-teacher relationship and outcomes for African American students who were behaviorally at-risk for referral to special education. Students were identified by their teachers as having behavior problems. Participants were 44 students and 25 teachers from two suburban and three urban elementary schools in a mid-western state. A multi-rater, multi-method approach was used. As teacher-reports of student-teacher relationship quality increased, there were also increases in positive social, behavioral, and engagement outcomes for students. Similarly, as student-reports of student-teacher relationship quality increased, there were increases in positive behavioral, engagement, and academic outcomes. Additional analyses of dyadic relationship patterns showed that as the relationship pattern improved (moving from negative concordance to discordance to positive concordance), there were increases in positive social, behavioral, and engagement outcomes for students. Implications for school practice are discussed.
Descriptors: African American Students, High Risk Students, Teacher Student Relationship, Outcomes of Education, Referral, Special Education, Behavior Problems, Urban Schools, Elementary Schools, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A