ERIC Number: EJ748615
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Cultivating a "Slavic Modern": Yugoslav Beekeeping, Schooling and Travel in the 1920s and 1930s
Sobe, Noah W.
Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, v41 n1-2 p143-158 Feb 2005
This article presents research on the foreign travel of Yugoslav teachers, students and beekeepers in the 1920s and 1930s. It focuses on Yugoslavs' travels to Czechoslovakia and examines the role that notions of the "Slavic" played in the international circulation of ideas within these particular networks. During this period one finds striking homologies between the modernization of education and the modernization of beekeeping (apiculture); the article examines both of these domains exploring the question of what modulations the "Slavic" worked on the "modern" as both moved within one particular set of geographical and temporal coordinates. In the period under study, alongside the circulation of political, technological and institutional reforms, noteworthy changes in how human beings, their actions and their knowledge were thought about were also circulating. These changes have been referred to as the "cultural constitution of modernity", and here ideas regarding temporal simultaneity, human agency and reason are examined, using travel texts and related documents to explore how these notions were mobilized, moved and embodied by teachers, students and beekeepers. In each of these three areas Yugoslav-Czechoslovak circuits were crucial to establishing a "Slavic modern." It is argued that the notions of Slavic temporal parity and coevalness were central to how Yugoslavia's relationship to progress was conceptualized and how collective identities were imagined. Similarly, it is argued that Yugoslavs' travel to their "northern Slavic brothers" played an important part in putting ideas of modern "agentic actorhood" into circulation in Yugoslavia. It is also proposed that these Yugoslav-Czechoslovak networks helped to normalize a set of governing principles in which the "rational" and the "emotional" were closely linked--a scientifically ordered reasoning was joined with a style of emotional comportment that valorized effusive sociability. The "Slavic modern" be thought of as one of the multiples of modernity, and in the concluding section it is proposed that in fact rather than thinking of the "Slavic" as working modulations on a "general modernity" it would be more accurate to see the "Slavic modern" that was cultivated by beekeepers, teachers and students traveling to Czechoslovakia as one localized staging.
Descriptors: Travel, Teachers, Students, Social Change, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Student Attitudes, European History, Animal Husbandry, Adoption (Ideas), Social Networks, Human Geography, Ethnicity
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Czechoslovakia; Yugoslavia