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ERIC Number: EJ748546
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Jan
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1060-9393
The University as an Entrepreneurial Organization
Grudzinskii, A.O.
Russian Education and Society, v47 n1 p7-25 Jan 2005
In the past ten years, the organizationally homogeneous Soviet system of higher education has been transformed into a heterogeneous set of educational structures. The institutional autonomy of educational institutions carrying out programs of higher education allows them considerable freedom in the choice of the means by which they provide for their development. However, due to their diverse nature, these institutions are finding it difficult to construct administrative models that offer uniform practical methods of operations under the new conditions. The processes involved in university development is something new to the sociology of education and administration of Russia. In this article, several questions focusing on the current state of the Russian higher education are addressed. These questions are as follows: (1) What are the real sources of the crisis in major Russian regional universities?; (2) What tasks should they be accomplishing?; and (3) What path of organizational and administrative development are leading universities choosing under the new conditions? The author explains that an effective approach to solving the problems faced by Russian higher education is "entrepreneurial organization." Entrepreneurial organization has the following characteristics: (1) An organization that is based in its activity on directed innovation and is able to function under conditions of risk and dynamic demand; (2) An economically effective organization that is engaged in profitable activity and relies for support primarily on its own capabilities; (3) A liberal organization with a flexible network construction; (4) An organization in which the key factors are human beings, groups and their competence, where people's work is based on a balance of benefit and risk; (5) An organization whose management relies primarily not on planning and controlling the actions of the personnel, but rather on providing every kind of support in the activity in the framework of the organization's strategy, for which purpose the management delegates rights and responsibility to the performers of the tasks to the maximum extent; and (6) An organization that focuses on the consumer and makes it possible to react to any change in the consumer's needs in a timely and flexible manner.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia