ERIC Number: EJ748498
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Bias and Accuracy of Children's Perceptions of Peer Acceptance: Prospective Associations with Depressive Symptoms
Kistner, Janet A.; David-Ferdon, Corinne F.; Repper, Karla K.; Joiner, Thomas E., Jr.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v34 n3 p336-348 Jun 2006
Are depressive symptoms in middle childhood associated with more or less realistic social self-perceptions? At the beginning and end of the school year, children in grades 3 through 5 (n = 667) rated how much they liked their classmates, predicted the acceptance ratings they would receive from each of their classmates, and completed self-report measures of perceived acceptance and depressive symptoms. Accuracy of perceived acceptance was indexed by the mean difference between pairs of predicted and received ratings (absolute values). Standardized residual scores created by regressing self-reported perceived acceptance (either predicted ratings or children's responses to a questionnaire measure of perceived peer acceptance) onto peer acceptance ratings formed two measures of bias. Bi-directional associations were found for accuracy of perceived acceptance and depressive symptoms; inaccurate perceptions predicted increases in depressive symptoms and depressive symptoms predicted decreased accuracy. Neither measure of bias predicted changes in depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms predicted increases in negatively biased perceptions as assessed via questionnaire.
Descriptors: Bias, Childhood Attitudes, Beliefs, Peer Acceptance, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Questionnaires, Self Concept, Rating Scales, Interpersonal Relationship, Attitude Measures, Measurement Techniques, Predictor Variables
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5
Authoring Institution: N/A