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ERIC Number: EJ748131
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0091-732X
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act at 40: Reviews of Research, Policy Implementation, Critical Perspectives, and Reflections
Parker, Laurence
Review of Research in Education, v29 2005
Passed by the U.S. Congress in the spring of 1965 as part of President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) was one of the most significant and expansive education policy initiatives ever undertaken by the federal government. The main component of the act, Title I, allocated significant resources to schools--through programs such as Head Start, Follow-Through, and bilingual education programs--to meet the needs of children who lived in economically distressed areas. At this point in ESEA's policy history, it is important to examine which programs or initiatives are indeed effective in reaching their academic and social effectiveness goals? Which ones are relatively ineffective, and what are the reasons? What roles do the political economy, social contexts, past and present discrimination, and other societal factors play in stacking the odds against any potential gains that can be made through federal policies such as ESEA? Furthermore, how and why has ESEA changed over the past 40 years, and how have the changes in the legislation been dependent on the political and social culture of education policy tied to poverty, race, and ideology (Stein, 2004)? Some of the chapters included in this volume share research-based insights into possible answers to these questions as well as raising more issues for debate and discussion. The chapters included here address not only the education policy culture that formed one of the lenses through which education, race, and poverty are viewed (Stein, 2004), but also how this culture has been altered by NCLB and what the future holds for ESEA, from both the research and policy perspective for these types of major federal compensatory efforts. The chapters include: (1) National Efforts to Bring Reform to Scale in High-Poverty Schools: Outcomes and Implications [EJ746360] (Geoffrey D. Borman); (2) Partisanship and Ideology in the ESEA Reauthorization in the 106th and 107th Congresses: Foundations for the New Political Landscape of Federal Education Policy [EJ746362] (Elizabeth H. DeBray); (3) The Elementary and Secondary Education Act at 40: Equity, Accountability, and the Evolving Federal Role in Public Education [EJ746364] (Janet Y. Thomas and Kevin P. Brady); (4) Immigrant Newcomer Populations, ESEA, and the Pipeline to College: Current Considerations and Future Lines of Inquiry [EJ746359] (Vivian Louie); (5) What No Child Left Behind Means for College Access [EJ746367] (Sara Goldrick-Rab and Christopher Mazzeo); (6) Seen but Not Heard: ESEA and Instructional Aides in Elementary Education [EJ746363] (Karla C. Lewis); and (7) The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001: The Federal Government's Role in Strengthening Accountability for Student Performance [EJ746365] (Marnie S. Shaul and Harriet C. Ganson). (Individual articles contain references.)
American Educational Research Association. 1230 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036-3078. Tel: 202-223-9485; Fax: 202-775-1824; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serial
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I; No Child Left Behind Act 2001