ERIC Number: EJ748086
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Using Exploratory Talk to Enhance Problem-Solving and Reasoning Skills in Grade-7 Science Classrooms
Webb, Paul; Treagust, David F.
Research in Science Education, v36 n4 p381-401 Dec 2006
This study investigates whether the generation of exploratory talk in grade seven, second-language science classrooms in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, has a positive effect on learners in terms of their problem-solving and reasoning skills and whether socio-cultural "milieus" (urban, peri-urban and rural settings of schools) have an effect on any cognitive gains that may be made by learners. The findings were that there is a clear and statistically significant improvement in the mean test scores on problem-solving and reasoning of pupils who participated in the classroom discussion initiative (exploratory talk) over those of the comparison groups. This result was consistent in both the first- and second-studies that were undertaken. There was also a significant difference between the gains in problem-solving and reasoning test scores of the three socio-geographical settings in which the participating schools are found.
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Thinking Skills, Grade 7, Science Instruction, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Sociocultural Patterns, Social Influences, Cognitive Ability, Foreign Countries, School Location, Scores, Elementary School Students, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Classroom Communication, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 7
Authoring Institution: N/A