ERIC Number: EJ747857
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use during Adolescence
Graves, Kelly N.; Fernandez, Maria E.; Shelton, Terri L.; Frabutt, James M.; Willford, Amanda P.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v34 n4 p379-387 Aug 2005
The purpose of this study was to increase the knowledge base of adolescent substance use by examining the influences of risk and protective factors for specific substance use, namely alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana. Participants included 271 adolescents and their primary caregivers referred for mental health services across North Carolina. A series of hierarchical multiple regressions showed that the relative influences of risk and protective factors differed depending on the target substance in some cases. History of parental felony predicted use of all 3 substances, although the direction of association was substance specific. Parental behavioral control (how families express and maintain standards of behavior) was predictive only of cigarette and marijuana use, not alcohol use. The different links among risk factors, protective factors, and "specific" substance use are discussed, and recommendations for both mental health and substance use professionals are offered.
Descriptors: Risk, Adolescents, Drinking, Smoking, Marijuana, Caregivers, Mental Health, Multiple Regression Analysis, Mental Health Programs, Prediction, Influences
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina