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ERIC Number: EJ747833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Cognitive and Symptom Profiles in High-Functioning Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Koyama, Tomonori; Tachimori, Hisateru; Osada, Hirokazu; Kurita, Hiroshi
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v36 n3 p373-380 Apr 2006
Age- and IQ-balanced 27 children with high-functioning (IQ greater than or equal to 70) pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (HPDDNOS) and 27 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared on the Japanese version of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Third Edition (WISC-III) and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale-Tokyo Version (CARS-TV). Compared with the ADHD children, the HPDDNOS children scored significantly lower on verbal comprehension, vocabulary, and comprehension, but significantly higher on block design. After controlling for the total CARS-TV score, the HPDDNOS children were significantly more abnormal on "relationships with people," "nonverbal communication," and "general impressions," but less abnormal on "near receptor responsiveness" and "activity level." These differences in cognitive and autistic symptom profiles may help professionals to distinguish clinically between both conditions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childhood Autism Rating Scale; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children