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ERIC Number: EJ747556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jul
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0142-5692
An Assessment of the Extent to Which Subject Variation between the Arts and Sciences in Relation to the Award of a First Class Degree Can Explain the "Gender Gap" in UK Universities
Woodfield, Ruth; Earl-Novell, Sarah
British Journal of Sociology of Education, v27 n3 p355-372 Jul 2006
There is a widely recognised national trend for girls to outperform boys at all levels of compulsory schooling. With few exceptions, however, most recent research has reported that, in relation to academic performance at university, men are proportionately over-represented at the First Class level. A number of general hypotheses have been put forward to explain this phenomenon, including those that assume gender-linked differences in cognitive and/or personality traits. A smaller proportion of research has given explanatory primacy to the broad subject area studied. More specifically, it has been alleged that the over-representation of men within the First bracket is largely a function of a "compositional effect" whereby men achieve proportionately more Firsts as there are more of them within the First-rich Sciences. Based upon analysis of 1,707,408 students graduating between 1995 and 2002, this paper seeks to provide the most comprehensive exploration, to date, of this effect. It confirms that a substantial proportion of the "gender gap" can be explained with reference to the male propensity to take degrees in First-rich disciplines.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom