ERIC Number: EJ747473
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jan
Reference Count: 27
Risk Factors for Psychiatric Disturbance in Children with Intellectual Disability
Koskentausta, T.; Iivanainen, M.; Almqvist, F.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v51 n1 p43-53 Jan 2007
Background: Children with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher risk for psychiatric disturbance than their peers with normal intelligence, but research data on risk factors are insufficient and partially conflicting. Method: The subjects comprised 75 children with ID aged 6-13 years. Data were obtained from case files and the following four questionnaires completed by their parents or other carers: Developmental Behaviour Checklist, American Association of Mental Deficiency (AAMD) Adaptive Behavior Scale, a questionnaire on additional disabilities, and a questionnaire on family characteristics and child development. Results: The risk of psychopathology was most significantly increased by moderate ID, limitations in adaptive behaviour, impaired language development, poor socialization, living with one biological parent, and low socio-economic status of the family. Conclusions: The risk of psychopathology in children with ID is increased by factors related to family characteristics and child development. Identifying these factors will help diagnose and possibly prevent psychiatric disorders in these children.
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Psychopathology, Parents, Child Development, Mental Retardation, Etiology, Questionnaires, Caregivers, Psychiatry, At Risk Persons, Children, Clinical Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Adaptive Behavior Scale