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ERIC Number: EJ747213
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 23
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 77
ISSN: ISSN-0886-2605
Criminality among Female Drug Users Following an HIV Risk-Reduction Intervention
Theall, Katherine P.; Elifson, Kirk W.; Sterk, Claire E.; Stewart, Eric A.
Journal of Interpersonal Violence, v22 n1 p85-107 2007
The main objectives of this article are to determine the prevalence of criminality among a sample of female African American drug users and to examine change in criminality over time, including the correlates associated with this change. Data were collected from 336 adult women who participated in an HIV risk-reduction intervention focused on the context of the women's daily life. Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted at baseline, prior to enrolling in the intervention, and at follow-up, 6 months after completion of the intervention. Bivariate and correlated multivariate methods were utilized to examine changes in criminality and other behaviors over time. Both violent and nonviolent criminality declined significantly between baseline and follow-up assessments. Of the correlates considered, drug-using characteristics and victimization played the greatest role in explaining the decrease in criminality. Low self-control and depressive symptoms also contributed to the reduction in criminality. The findings suggest the importance of considering individual characteristics that may influence the women's criminal behavior as well as the impact of their routine activities. (Contains 2 tables and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia