ERIC Number: EJ747165
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Schools, School Quality and Achievement Growth: Evidence from the Philippines
Bacolod, Marigee P.; Tobias, Justin L.
Economics of Education Review, v25 n6 p619-632 Dec 2006
A broad literature seeks to assess the importance of schools, proxies for school quality, and family background on children's achievement growth using the education production function. Using rich data from the Philippines, we introduce and estimate a model that imposes little structure on the relationship between intake achievement and follow-up achievement and evaluate school performance based on this estimated relationship. Our methods nest typical value-added specifications that use test score gains as the outcome variable and models assuming linearity in the relationship between intake and follow-up scores. We find evidence against the use of value-added models for our data and show that such models give very different assessments of school performance in the Philippines. Using a variety of tests we find that schools matter in the production of student achievement, though variation in performance across schools only explains about 4.4-5.3% of the total (conditional) variation in follow-up achievement. Schools providing basic facilities--in particular schools providing electricity--are found to perform much better in the production of achievement growth.
Descriptors: School Surveys, Foreign Countries, Scores, Academic Achievement, Children, Performance Based Assessment, Educational Quality, Educational Research, Research Methodology, Followup Studies, Educational Facilities, Economic Factors, Family Characteristics
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines