ERIC Number: EJ746517
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: N/A
Is the Marginal Child More Likely to Be Murdered? An Examination of State Abortion Ratios and Infant Homicide
Kalist, David E.; Molinari, Noelle A.
Journal of Human Resources, v41 n3 p611-630 Sum 2006
We examine whether abortion removes from the population those infants most at risk of homicide. As part of our identification strategy, we find that abortion reduces the number of unwanted births, estimating that 1 percent increase in the abortion ratio reduces unwanted births by approximately 0.35 percent. Using cross-sectional time-series data for U.S. states between 1970 and 1998, we find that an increase in the abortion ratio (a proxy for unwanted births) reduces the expected number of infant homicides, especially among black infants. Overall, the elasticity of infant homicides with respect to unwanted births is approximately 0.089.
Descriptors: Crime, Death, Pregnancy, Infants, Homicide, Identification, Computation, African Americans, Birth, At Risk Persons, Racial Differences, Birth Rate
University of Wisconsin Press. 1930 Monroe Street, Madison, WI 53711-2059. Tel: 608-263-0668; Fax: 608-263-1173; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.wisc.edu/wisconsinpress/journals.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States