ERIC Number: EJ746412
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: N/A
Temperament in Context: Infant Temperament Moderates the Relationship between Perceived Neighborhood Quality and Behavior Problems
Colder, Craig R.; Lengua, Liliana J.; Fite, Paula J.; Mott, Joshua A.; Bush, Nicole R.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, v27 n5 p456-467 Sep-Oct 2006
Hypotheses that positive affect and fear in infancy moderate later relationships between neighborhood quality and behavior problems were examined in a sample of children from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. Results suggested that poor neighborhood quality was associated with antisocial behavior at age 6 for children who in infancy were characterized by either high positive affect and low fear or by low positive affect and high fear. Depression/anxiety increased from age 6 to age 12 for children in poor quality neighborhoods who were characterized in infancy by low positive affect. A combination of low fear and high positive affect in infancy appeared to be protective, as it was associated with decreases in depression/anxiety during childhood. These findings suggest the utility of examining multiple dimensions of temperament and of integrating multiple levels of influence into moderational models to understand and prevent the development of childhood symptomatology.
Descriptors: Personality, Behavior Problems, Children, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Neighborhoods, Antisocial Behavior, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Fear, Affective Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Survey of Youth