ERIC Number: EJ746410
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: N/A
Observed Differences between Early Childhood Programs in the U.S. and Korea: Reflections of "Developmentally Appropriate Practices" in Two Cultural Contexts
Clarke-Stewart, K. Alison; Lee, Young; Allhusen, Virginia D.; Kim, Myoung Soon; McDowell, David J.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, v27 n5 p427-443 Sep-Oct 2006
Ninety children from South Korea and 119 children from the United States were observed in early childhood programs, and differences in classroom environments and teachers' and children's behavior in the two countries were identified. In both countries, there was evidence that preschool education is guided by ideas about "developmentally appropriate practice". However, in Korea, education was also influenced by Asian values. In line with developmentally appropriate practice, in the U.S. child-teacher ratios were lower, teachers were more personally involved with individual children, more opportunities for peer interaction were provided, there were more varied materials for gross motor activities and sociodramatic play, and children were judged to be more socially competent and to have fewer emotional and behavior problems. In Korea, teachers expressed more traditional attitudes toward educational practices, children spent more time in skills and drills, there were more varied materials for math and music, children exhibited greater self-reliance and sustained attention, and the classroom climate was more harmonious.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Cultural Context, Classroom Environment, Teacher Behavior, Cross Cultural Studies, Preschool Children, Interpersonal Competence, Child Behavior, Comparative Analysis, Preschool Education, Teacher Student Ratio, Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea; United States