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ERIC Number: EJ746367
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0091-732X
What No Child Left Behind Means for College Access
Goldrick-Rab, Sara; Mazzeo, Christopher
Review of Research in Education, v29 p107-129 2005
The consequences of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) are most often thought of in terms of achievement and attainment in elementary and secondary education. In this chapter, however, the authors assess what NCLB might mean for college access by examining existing evidence of the effects of school-based accountability on college participation. While NCLB explicitly aims to effect change in K-12 education, it may have longer-term outcomes, particularly for postsecondary education and labor force participation (Educational Policy Institute, 2005). For example, organizational and instructional reforms in schools--crucial to the success of accountability--are also likely to have an effect on how well students are prepared to access and succeed in college. Thus, while the success of the legislation is currently measured in terms of elementary and secondary student test scores, the authors posit that NCLB might also be assessed in a way that accounts for its impact on later student outcomes, particularly in higher education. They begin with a summary of research on the important factors contributing to student participation and success in college. Next, they discuss the rubric of accountability under NCLB and compare it with the way in which accountability was previously implemented at the state and federal levels. They then consider studies on the longer-term outcomes of school-level accountability, focusing on examinations of the effects of academic pressure and high-stakes testing. The authors conclude by assessing what is known--and what remains ripe for future study--about the implications of NCLB for college access. [This article represents Chapter 5 of "The Elementary and Secondary Education Act at 40: Reviews of Research, Policy Implementation, Critical Perspectives, and Reflections," "Review of Research in Education," v29, 2005 (EJ748131).]
American Educational Research Association. 1230 17th Street NW, Washington, DC 20036-3078. Tel: 202-223-9485; Fax: 202-775-1824; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001