ERIC Number: EJ746322
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Measurement of Psychological Disorders Using Cognitive Diagnosis Models
Templin, Jonathan L.; Henson, Robert A.
Psychological Methods, v11 n3 p287-305 Sep 2006
Cognitive diagnosis models are constrained (multiple classification) latent class models that characterize the relationship of questionnaire responses to a set of dichotomous latent variables. Having emanated from educational measurement, several aspects of such models seem well suited to use in psychological assessment and diagnosis. This article presents the development of a new cognitive diagnosis model for use in psychological assessment--the DINO (deterministic input; noisy "or" gate) model--which, as an illustrative example, is applied to evaluate and diagnose pathological gamblers. As part of this example, a demonstration of the estimates obtained by cognitive diagnosis models is provided. Such estimates include the probability an individual meets each of a set of dichotomous Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (text revision [DSM-IV-TR]; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) criteria, resulting in an estimate of the probability an individual meets the DSM-IV-TR definition for being a pathological gambler. Furthermore, a demonstration of how the hypothesized underlying factors contributing to pathological gambling can be measured with the DINO model is presented, through use of a covariance structure model for the tetrachoric correlation matrix of the dichotomous latent variables representing DSM-IV-TR criteria.
Descriptors: Probability, Psychological Evaluation, Mental Disorders, Correlation, Clinical Diagnosis, Responses, Cognitive Tests, Models, Cognitive Measurement, Questionnaires, At Risk Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A