ERIC Number: EJ746132
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Dec
Reference Count: 53
Socio-Economic Position, Household Composition, Health Status and Indicators of the Well-Being of Mothers of Children with and without Intellectual Disabilities
Emerson, E.; Hatton, C.; Llewellyn, G.; Blacker, J.; Graham, H.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v50 n12 p862-873 Dec 2006
Background: Many previous studies have reported that mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are more likely to show signs of psychological distress and have lower well-being than mothers of "typically developing" children. Our aim was to estimate the extent to which these differences may be accounted for by between-group differences in socio-economic position. Methods: This study involved secondary analysis of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy variables in a nationally representative sample of 6954 British mothers with dependent children under the age of 17 years, 514 of whom were supporting a child with an ID. Results: Mothers of children with IDs reported lower levels of happiness, self-esteem and self-efficacy than mothers of children without IDs. Statistically controlling for differences in socio-economic position, household composition and maternal characteristics fully accounted for the between-group differences in maternal happiness, and accounted for over 50 of the elevated risk for poorer self-esteem and self-efficacy. Conclusions: A socially and statistically significant proportion of the increased risk of poorer well-being among mothers of children with IDs may be attributed to their increased risk of socio-economic disadvantage.
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Well Being, Mothers, Mental Retardation, Psychological Patterns, Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Children, Family Structure, Health, Family (Sociological Unit), Stress Variables, Comparative Analysis, Self Esteem, Individual Characteristics, At Risk Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom