ERIC Number: EJ746116
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: 44
Where Is the Real Cheese? Young Children's Ability to Discriminate between Real and Pretend Acts
Ma, Lili; Lillard, Angeline S.
Child Development, v77 n6 p1762-1777 Nov-Dec 2006
This study examined 2- to 3-year-olds' ability to make a pretend-real distinction in the absence of content cues. Children watched two actors side by side. One was really eating, and the other was pretending to eat, but in neither case was information about content available. Following the displays, children were asked to retrieve the real food (Experiment 1) or point to the container with the real food (Experiments 2 and 3). 3- and 2.5-year-olds distinguished between the real and pretend acts based on behavioral cues alone. Two-year-olds chose the containers at random, but their spontaneous reactions suggested that they discriminated the real acts from pretense to some degree. Possible accounts for the discrepancy between the different behavioral measures are discussed.
Descriptors: Young Children, Cues, Visual Discrimination, Food, Simulation, Role Playing, Guessing (Tests), Shift Studies, Visual Measures, Psychological Studies, Cognitive Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A