ERIC Number: EJ746109
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Reference Count: 68
Relations of Maternal Style and Child Self-Concept to Autobiographical Memories in Chinese, Chinese Immigrant, and European American 3-Year-Olds
Child Development, v77 n6 p1794-1809 Nov-Dec 2006
The relations of maternal reminiscing style and child self-concept to children's shared and independent autobiographical memories were examined in a sample of 189 three-year-olds and their mothers from Chinese families in China, first-generation Chinese immigrant families in the United States, and European American families. Mothers shared memories with their children and completed questionnaires; children recounted autobiographical events and described themselves with a researcher. Independent of culture, gender, child age, and language skills, maternal elaborations and evaluations were associated with children's shared memory reports, and maternal evaluations and child agentic self-focus were associated with children's independent memory reports. Maternal style and child self-concept further mediated cultural influences on children's memory. The findings provide insight into the social-cultural construction of autobiographical memory.
Descriptors: Self Concept, Memory, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Mothers, Parent Role, Questionnaires, Cultural Influences, Toddlers, Parent Child Relationship, Recall (Psychology), Personal Narratives, Chinese Americans, Anglo Americans, Parenting Styles
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; United States